TOWRE-2 Test of Word Reading Efficiency–Second Edition

Joseph K. Torgesen, PhD, Richard K. Wagner, PhD, and Carol A. Rashotte, PhD

Purpose: Assesses efficiency of sight word recognition and phonemic decoding
Format: Paper and pencil
Age range: 6 years to 24 years, 11 months
Time: 5-10 minutes per form

Qualification level: B

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The TOWRE-2 measures an individual’s ability to pronounce printed words (i.e., sight word efficiency) and phonemically regular nonwords (i.e., phonemic decoding efficiency), skills that are critical in the development of overall reading ability.

  • Four alternate and equivalent forms of each subtest are available, making the test even more useful for monitoring progress and evaluating the impact of instructional interventions.
  • The Sight Word Efficiency (SWE) subtest assesses the number of real words that an individual can accurately identify within 45 seconds. Similarly, the Phonemic Decoding Efficiency (PDE) subtest measures the number of pronounceable nonwords that an individual can accurately decode within 45 seconds.
  • Revised manual provides extensive new information on the test’s reliability and validity.

Additional information


Kits, Manuals, books, and equipment, Forms and booklets


10179-KT TOWRE-2 Complete Kit includes TOWRE-2 Examiner’s Manual; 25 Form A and 25 Form B Examiner Record Booklets; 25 Response to Intervention Booklets; and Forms A, B, C, and D Word Cards, 10180-TM TOWRE-2 Examiner’s Manual, 10181-RF TOWRE-2 Form A Examiner Record Booklets (pkg/25), 10182-RF TOWRE-2 Form B Examiner Record Booklets (pkg/25), 10183-RF TOWRE-2 Response to Intervention Booklets (pkg/25)