TNL-2 Test of Narrative Language–Second Edition

Ronald B. Gillam, PhD, and Nils. A. Pearson, PhD

Purpose: Measures children’s ability to understand and tell stories.
Format: Paper and pencil
Age range: 4 years to 15 years
Time: 15-20 minutes

Qualification level: B

This product is currently out of stock and unavailable.


The TNL-2 is a norm-referenced test that measures children’s narrative language abilities (i.e., children’s ability to understand and tell stories). Narration is an important aspect of spoken language tests, not usually measured by oral language tests, that provides a critical foundation for literacy.

The TNL-2 enables clinicians to assess important aspects of narrative language without having to transcribe children’s stories. This saves hours of transcription time and provides a valid and reliable metric of narrative language development. The TNL-2 is a natural complement to other standardized tests that use contrived formats to assess components of oral language, and it is especially useful for diagnosing language-based learning disabilities.

Features and benefits

  • Offers a functional assessment of narrative comprehension and narrative production.
  • Features alternate comprehension and production tasks so children have the opportunity to profit from adult narrative models.
  • Measures a child’s ability to comprehend and produce three types of stories: a script, a personal narrative, and a fictional narrative.
  • Does not require clinicians to transcribe oral narratives to score.
  • Features clear, well-organized norms tables and administration procedures and an easy-to-use record form.
  • Offers a fair and equitable assessment of narrative discourse for all children.

What’s new in the TNL-2?

  • Features a larger and new normative sample based on standardization data collected between 2013 and 2015 representative of the US population.
  • Includes a wider age range (ages 4-15 years).
  • Revised pictures are more colorful and interesting to children.
  • The number of items on the comprehension tasks was increased: There are more inferential items; more items for the youngest, low-functioning examinees; and more items for the oldest, high-functioning examinees.
  • The scoring system for the oral narratives is now similar across the three types of stories (script, personal narrative, and fictional narrative).
  • Chapters on reliability and validity have been expanded.

Additional information


Kits, Manuals, books, and equipment, Forms and booklets


11182-KT TNL-2 Complete Kit includes Examiner's Manual, Picture Book, and 25 Examiner Record Booklets, 11183-TM TNL-2 Examiner's Manual, 11184-RF TNL-2 Examiner Record Booklets (pkg/25)